Great (deceased) Jamaicans

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link mikesiva Joined: Jan 12, 2007
Posts: 29222
5/14/16 7:51:46 AM 
The list of 50 great Guyanese gave me this idea...but I thought I'd make this about Jamaicans who've passed away, simply living Jamaicans still have a chance to spoil their legacy!
Rather than just name names, I thought I'd start with a little profile of them, one by one....

Let me start with Samuel Sharpe:

"Samuel Sharpe was the main instigator of the 1831 Slave Rebellion, which began on the Kensington Estate in St. James and which was largely instrumental in bringing about the abolition of slavery. Because of his intelligence and leadership qualities, Sam Sharpe became a “daddy”, or leader of the native Baptists in Montego Bay. Religious meetings were the only permissible forms of organised activities for the slaves. Sam Sharpe was able to communicate his concern and encourage political thought, concerning events in England which affected the slaves and Jamaica. Sam evolved a plan of passive resistance in 1831, by which the slaves would refuse to work on Christmas Day of 1831 and afterwards, unless their grievances concerning better treatment and the consideration of freedom, were accepted by the state owners and managers."

Feel free to add to the list....

link sudden Joined: Nov 27, 2006
Posts: 33485
5/14/16 9:44:04 AM 
Shanique Myrie

link nick2020 Joined: Jul 2, 2012
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5/14/16 9:46:58 AM 
In reply to sudden

Behave sudden.

link sudden Joined: Nov 27, 2006
Posts: 33485
5/14/16 9:48:27 AM 
In reply to nick2020

How about JahJah

link birdseye Joined: Mar 24, 2004
Posts: 32647
5/14/16 9:52:40 AM 
Marcus Garvey

link nick2020 Joined: Jul 2, 2012
Posts: 18428
5/14/16 9:56:58 AM 
In reply to sudden

He said deceased. Last time that was done to a poster on here...

link birdseye Joined: Mar 24, 2004
Posts: 32647
5/14/16 10:02:01 AM 
In reply to nick2020

He said deceased.
he might be more up-to-date that you are... wink wink wink

link FanAttick Joined: Nov 13, 2002
Posts: 53873
5/14/16 11:06:40 AM 
In reply to sudden

Did you notice that on Admin's thread about 50 great Muddies peeps were very respectful?

link sudden Joined: Nov 27, 2006
Posts: 33485
5/14/16 12:05:35 PM 
In reply to FanAttick

I didn't get in on the action early enuff big grin

link JayMor Joined: Dec 15, 2002
Posts: 5715
5/14/16 4:44:54 PM 
In reply to mikesiva

Dutty Boukman.


link DukeStreet Joined: Dec 2, 2002
Posts: 27904
5/14/16 5:17:16 PM 
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In reply to mikesiva
Bob Marley

link mikesiva Joined: Jan 12, 2007
Posts: 29222
5/15/16 4:40:17 AM 
In reply to birdseye

"Born in Jamaica, Marcus Garvey was an orator for the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. Garvey advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired a global mass movement, known as Garveyism. Garveyism would eventually inspire others, from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement. Social activist Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. was born on August 17, 1887, in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica. Self-educated, Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association, dedicated to promoting African-Americans and resettlement in Africa."

More here
There's one little-known fact I read in one of Michael Manley's autobiographies...was it "Struggle in the Periphery"?

Norman Manley was a lawyer who represented some businessmen who were suing Garvey for fraud, and the two national heroes clashed inside a court-house, squaring up and threatening to settle the dispute with a fight in the car park!

link Ewart Joined: Mar 5, 2005
Posts: 8954
5/15/16 5:25:29 AM 
In reply to mikesiva

"Father" Sherlock

Rev “Father” Hugh B. Sherlock

When the UWI appointed the great West Indian batsman and former captain Frank Worrell as Warden of the Irvine Hall residence at Mona, all Jamaica knew that the standard of their cricket was going to be lifted.

Worrell had led the West Indies to a moral victory over the Australians in the famous Tied Test series down under in 1960, and had followed up with the successful 1963 tour of England.

Now that he was coming to live in Jamaica, the Barbadian batsman was going to be playing cricket here. But which club would he join? Lucas, George Headley’s old club, was a possibility. So was Kingston Cricket Club, the top club in Jamaica. He could also play for the University.

But Frank Worrell, the man who had been forced to wait to become the first Black captain of the West Indies cricket team, chose to go and play at Boys’ Town, the home ground of West Indies all-rounder O’Neil Gordon “Collie” Smith; Boys Town, the candle of hope in the depressed working-class community of Trench Town.

Immortalised in song by its most famous citizen, Bob Marley, the neighborhood gets its name from its previous designation as Trench Pen, 400 acres of land once used for livestock by Daniel Power Trench, an Irish immigrant of the 18th century. The Trench family abandoned the land in the late 19th century.

Collie Smith who played for Boys’ Town in the Senior Cup competition died during a West Indies Test series in England in 1959 while he was sleeping in the back seat of a car driven by his friend Garfield Sobers, the great West Indies all-rounder. The next year, 1960, the West Indies Test captain Frank Worrell led Boys' Town to victory for the first time in the Senior Cup — the premier cricket championship in Jamaica. So Worrell joined Boys’ Town and it was his last club. His presence there stirred the imagination of the residents and indeed all Jamaica.

That candle of hope was lit by Methodist minister Hugh Sherlock, a lover of sports and a sportsman himself, to whom Boys’ Town owes its existence. Observing the plight of the under-privileged youths and the need for social advancement, he requested time from the Methodist church to address their needs.

Boys’ Town was first located in a churchyard in Jones Town but later moved to Central Road in Trench Town, which was subsequently renamed Collie Smith Drive. Rev Sherlock employed sports at Boys' Town as the medium to instil discipline and motivate the boys into citizens. And he saw it as an opportunity for service. With the blessing of the government, the Methodist Church and the YMCA, along with gifts from a number of individuals, he secured some cricket gear and went to work with the boys of Trench Town.

In the process he was like a father to many of them and became known as “Father" Sherlock, although he was neither Anglican nor Roman Catholic.

The Boys' Town that he launched in 1940 became an inspiration for many of the young people there, serving as a leading institution in the development of youth and the community in general. It includes a basic school, an all-age school, and a HEART Training Institute as well as the cricket and football clubs.

Father had a special love for cricket and played with the boys himself in their competitions for many years.

He was not a slender man and when he went to bat and took his stance, he stood in front of the wicket, his large form obscuring it completely. It was an unspoken suggestion to the bowler that it was impossible to get him out bowled, although getting the umpire to uphold an appeal for leg-before-wicket was a distant possibility. And so he was able to produce long innings, much to the delight and inspiration of his Boys’ Town admirers. In later years, he embraced football, as it began overtaking cricket as the boys’ main sport interest.

Boys' Town produced outstanding individuals in many fields of sports, music, commerce, industry and the professions.

In addition to Collie Smith and Bob Marley, these include musician/singers Leroy Sibbles, Ken Boothe, and Tappa Zukie, along with nationally known cricketers and footballers Gladstone Robinson, Raymond Forrest, Churchill Neita, Locksley Comrie, Carl Brown, and Patrick Anderson. Collie Smith and Allan "Skill" Cole were among many who went on to represent the country.

Some players managed to secure international scholarships and player contracts through football while others who excelled in this area are now imparting their knowledge to others. Carl Brown was a former Technical Director of the Jamaican National Football team, the Reggae Boyz.

Father Sherlock was born in Portland in 1905 and was educated at Beckford and Smith School (now Saint Jago High School), Calabar High School and Caenwood Theological College in Jamaica. When he died in 1998 part of Boys’ Town’s soul went with him.

As the instigator and guiding light of Boys’ Town, Hugh Sherlock was one of the many who embraced the creative spirit of the National Movement, and he did so in a depressed urban area where the needs were sometimes greater. Later he was to write the words of the Jamaica National Anthem, which was set to music by Robert Lightbourne with orchestration by Mapletoft Poulle. He was the first Third World representative of the World Methodist Council to the World Council of Churches in Geneva, Switzerland.

His legacy at Boys' Town is formidable as hundreds of graduates continue to make contributions in various fields of endeavour.

- From my book


link mikesiva Joined: Jan 12, 2007
Posts: 29222
5/16/16 2:02:44 AM 
In reply to Ewart

Great one...thanks for that.

link ponderiver Joined: Jan 27, 2004
Posts: 20502
5/16/16 3:41:55 AM 
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In reply to Ewart

Nice Ewie ...... thanks for posting this

link Ewart Joined: Mar 5, 2005
Posts: 8954
5/16/16 8:26:30 AM 
Here is another...

Amy Bailey

When Labour Minister Jonathan Grant followed up on Premier Manley’s agreement with Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker to admit young Jamaican women into Canada on a domestic helper scheme in the late 1950s, the first person he turned to was Amy Bailey and her Housecraft Training Centre.

An active supporter of Marcus Garvey, Amy Beckford Bailey (1895–1990) was one of the politically engaged voices of the 1930s to 1950s. She was widely known for her outstanding achievements as teacher, social worker, and feminist, and journalist. A strong, fearless Black woman, she felt that low wages and deplorable working conditions led many lower-class women to resort to prostitution, theft, and other vices, which in turn provided White Jamaican society with reasons to withhold full racial equality. Accordingly she believed that an improvement in the condition of poor Black women was a prerequisite for racial equality.

Like Una Marson, Amy Bailey was a writer for Public Opinion and her column Sweated Labour concentrated on the wages and working conditions of female factory workers who made up only a small percentage of the female labour force. She felt that the ten shillings a week that these women earned did not cover their basic necessities and she predicted that many would end up “in or pretty near the poor house (Public Opinion, May 15, 1937 and 5 June 1937). She focussed on the need for shorter working hours and a minimum wage. Because female factory workers were paid more on average than other working-class women, it was even more important to her that a minimum wage should be enacted.

She spoke out on the colour barrier and said that the position a Black girl could occupy in the labour market was determined not only by her education and thus class, but also by her gender and skin colour.

A forceful public speaker and organizer, Amy Bailey had a strong unmistakable voice. Like many of her colleagues, she embraced politics and deep involvement in social life as necessary co-partners with teaching.

The period of Jamaica’s history leading up to the labour disturbances of 1938 witnessed countless debates on the social, political and economic facets of life in Jamaica and she featured readily in many public meetings, debates and lectures. Venues like Ransom Hall, Ormsby Hall and Liberty Hall were popular for these public meetings and Amy Bailey could be seen and heard in all of these places.

She was a powerful and impressive feminist who proclaimed the need to enable young women through skills training. At the time, domestic helps and catering provided two of the few outlets for employment for young women. As a conscientious social worker, Bailey hounded friends and foes and put together some money for a large place at 4 Rosedale Avenue in Kingston. There she started the Housecraft Training Centre in 1945. The Jamaica Social Welfare fostered the venture and except for a housemother and a watchman it was not heavily staffed. The rooms upstairs were available to persons visiting Kingston and the place was operated as a training centre not only for domestic helpers but for women who would go on to work as chambermaids and cooks in the hotel industry.

Many young women benefitted from this institution. Those trained at the Centre learnt housecraft and grew to be respected. The graduates from Rosedale Avenue were to be found in many institutions, proudly practising what they learnt at the Centre. They never figured themselves as maids; they learnt self-esteem and held themselves as citizens of worth equal to anyone else. The Centre became an oasis for breakfast and luncheon meetings as well as an important forum where many of the politicians of the day gathered. The rates were good and so was the service.

Amy Bailey was born in Walderston, Manchester, the daughter of William Frederick Bailey, educator, and Anna Louise Beckford, his wife. Receiving her early education at Mount Olivet Elementary School, she went on to Shortwood Teachers’ College in 1915, excelled in her studies, debating and leadership, and graduated in 1917. She then held several teaching positions in schools in Kingston and Saint Andrew and became widely known for her outstanding achievements as teacher, social worker, and feminist, and as a Justice of the Peace. She was president of the Shortwood Old Students’ Association in 1936 and 1937, secretary of the Jamaica Save the Children’s Fund from 1938 – 1944 and vice-chairman (1944-45), and served as an executive member of the School Children’s Lunch Fund.

She also taught Commerce at the Kingston Technical School from 1920 to 1936. She gave much of her energies to the Jamaica Women’s Federation which had as its objective the general improvement and welfare of the women in Jamaica.

Not surprisingly, she was instrumental in the formation of the PNP and was elected to the party executive at its second conference in July 1940. In the same year she became treasurer of the Jamaica Poetry League, and was committed to the JUT, serving on the executive of the union and championing successfully the presidential campaign of Edith Dalton-James.

Between 1942 and 1944 she was deeply involved in the running of the Jamaica Women’s Liberal Club, which functioned as a political organization. Her other outstanding achievements included the distinction of having lectured at the Peace Conference, Glasgow and Oxford Group Conference held in Interlaken, Switzerland, in 1951. She also lectured in the United States in the same year on Jamaica’s educational and social history.

Jamaica has always been a land of strong women. Amy Bailey was one of the strongest.


link birdseye Joined: Mar 24, 2004
Posts: 32647
5/16/16 9:39:06 AM 
In reply to Ewart

From my book
Wow! An Author….fabulous……
as an under 12 year old grammar school student - I thought I was going to be an Author. – I had a teacher that literally killed us with English literature – I was particularly drawn to the English Poets, Percy Shelley, John Keats, Lord Byron and William Wordsworth…..
Shelley’s “To a Skylark” was a fav

Hail to thee, blithe Spirit!
Bird thou never wert,
That from Heaven, or near it,
Pourest thy full heart
In profuse strains of unpremeditated art.

My folks had this pimento tree that the picherie birds use to make their nest in – the birds were fiercely protective of their nest with young ones - ---- I use to go sit under the tree for hours on end documenting all the bird’s movement , trying to synergize John Keats "Ode to a Nightingale" and Shelley’s “To a Skylark” ----- I had notebooks full of stuff that I would write and rewrite as I watched the birds behavior ------------of course the poems were much more than about birds – but I took it literally……..
Those were wonderful times though – my imagination was my reality----AH WELL.....

link Ewart Joined: Mar 5, 2005
Posts: 8954
5/16/16 12:56:19 PM 
In reply to birdseye

There was a time when I knew every line in the Skylark poem by Shelley (who is my fave). Loved Keats, Wordsworth Byron and Coleridge but cherished Shelley.

Also loved the great deceased Jamaican poets Vivian Murray, Philip Sherlock and Claude McKay, who was a strong inspirer of the Harlem Renaissance in the mid 20th century. His "If we must die" is a powerful and celebrated work...


link mikesiva Joined: Jan 12, 2007
Posts: 29222
5/17/16 2:07:41 AM 
In reply to Ewart

Amy Bailey...another good pick. A lot of young Jamaicans now might know the name, but can't tell you much about the great woman.

link Ewart Joined: Mar 5, 2005
Posts: 8954
5/17/16 8:59:28 AM 
In reply to mikesiva

Bishop Gibson – “Percival Jamaica”

Known to all Jamaica as “Bishop Gibson” and to thousands of Kingston College (KC) boys simply as “Priest,” Anglican Bishop Percival William Gibson made a strong impact on Jamaica.

In a country where both social and political power were being devolved to the Black population, Percival Gibson stands out. He looked at the existing high schools and saw the need for a school for poor Black boys. The high schools had high fees and some even had high colour.

A Black son of Jamaica, he showed his people that they too could have access to education. He started out as just an ordinary priest at Saint George’s church on East Street, but he used his position to be a change agent in the complexion of Jamaica. He had the vision that through education there was a way out for the population who could neither go to the Myrtle Bank Hotel nor afford the fees at Jamaica College. Not only did he straddle positions of poverty and power, but he was a path breaker in both.

White Anglicans had ruled the church from the time the British came to Jamaica. While they also invariably taught school, Gibson made it his business to be the centre of a school for the upliftment of Black boys. He used the model of English clergy, but he anchored himself in a system that catered mainly to boys of a lower social rung, and set lower school fees for them.

This was an intrusion into a school system where you had to be White… or rich Black. He made the Blacks appreciate that education could really be within their grasp, and he moved it even further when he gave boys spaces at KC by arranging scholarships from Kingston and Saint Andrew churches.

As Bishop of Jamaica he rose to the pinnacle of church power not by church politics but by sheer weight of who he was and his clearly defined role in the church by then. He carpeted a walkway, and others tried to imitate but not necessarily with the same supreme sense of service beyond self.

A man of the people, he was certainly a man for the people. His dream was to build a new Jamaica by developing Christian character in its future leaders. He looked at the work of Norman Manley, the visionary and incorruptible socialist statesman as he went about building the National Movement, and found much to admire. Not surprisingly, it was at Chief Minister Manley’s suggestion that as Bishop he was appointed to the Legislative Council in 1954, and there “he was most lucid when he was most angry” as Robert Moore tells it in his Audacious Anglicans. His voice was never silent. During his five-years on the Council, his chief concern was getting the government to improve the appalling housing and sanitary conditions of the poor in the slums of West Kingston.

Born in 1893 to a lower middle class Black Anglican family, Percival Gibson went on scholarship to a Jesuit high school before entering Saint Peter’s College, the Anglican seminary in Kingston, and then made himself Jamaica’s most learned Anglican cleric. He studied externally with the University of London and gained three degrees, BD, BA Hons, and BD Hons.

He became a priest in 1912 and Curate of St George’s Church in Kingston. Moore depicts him “with fire on his tongue and public and private morality on his mind, his Sunday night sermons attracted large crowds ready to be inspired or chastened by this prophetic young priest whose head could barely be seen above the pulpit.”

Nothing, no-one, was spared. Even the Mighty Sparrow, Calypso King of Trinidad and the World, felt his sharp tongue.

When Bishop Gibson spoke trenchantly about the doom and damnation that would attend Sparrow’s visit to perform in Jamaica and called for him to be banned, it left the exasperated Calypso King fuming that he would eschew his Jean & Dinah and May-May calypsos, and sing Onward Christian Soldiers instead, if that was what the Bishop wanted. In the event, Sparrow did arrive and perform at the Courtleigh Manor Hotel. He did not sing Onward Christian Soldiers.

In 1925 Gibson got the imprimatur of the Bishop of Jamaica and founded a downtown school for boys. KC opened with 49 students and this young Black headmaster at a time when secondary school principals were almost all White Englishmen or women.

It was the adventure of his life. He saw KC as an antidote to the post-emancipation vacuum for it offered poor Black boys a secondary education, “admitting any boy – Black or not, illegitimate or not,” who met the entrance requirements and could pay the very affordable fees. He held an unswerving belief that, given the right opportunity, poor Black Jamaicans would prove themselves equal to or better than the best of the British.

Several alumni remember that when their financial circumstances could no longer keep them at the school, he paid their fees out of his own pocket or got a sympathetic businessman to do so.

Gibson wanted KC to be more than just an equalizer of opportunity. With the challenging motto Fortis cadere cedere non potest (The brave may fall but never yield), it was dedicated to the making of well-balanced Christian gentlemen, at home in the arts, the sciences and the humanities, au fait with the world as it is, but committed to the world as it ought to be.

So it is not surprising that he would use the priests purple shirt as a model for the KC colours of purple and white. And, like priests, the boys should show their love of God not just by their worship but by their compassion for the under-privileged, their active concern for justice in society, their critical love of Jamaica; and above all, by their incorruptibility in public life.

As headmaster of KC Bishop Gibson was a strong disciplinarian and expected very high standards of behaviour. But his charisma persuaded the boys that nothing less would do them justice. They knew that he was the soul of compassion and that he cared deeply about them.

In particular he was very concerned about the limiting domestic environment of the poorer boys, often seeing to it that his sympathisers in business fitted them out with the requirements for school. He usually found a way of providing a midday meal for those who could not afford one. And when he found he could no longer keep a boy at KC, as sometimes happened, he would take him up to Calabar and intercede on his behalf. Nevertheless, Bishop Gibson was a man who knew his people’s idiosyncrasies and language, and he had a sense of discipline and humour as the following stories will illustrate.

It was a Monday morning and the principal was issuing an ominous order to the boys assembled in the Augustine chapel. All the boys who attended the dance at the Saint Hugh’s High School for Girls on Saturday night were to stand.

When they did, they were all suspended, including several star players of the KC Gibson Cup tennis team which was poised for a repeat victory. The irony was that the cup they could now no longer win was donated by their own principal, Bishop Percival Gibson.

It was not the first or last time “Priest” would be giving his students a lesson in values. He did the same thing with the entire Manning Cup football team once. And then he went further. Calling the members of the KC Second XI to the field, he stood near the penalty spot, got each of them to take shots at goal, and from that exercise selected a team to replace the suspended boys for the next Manning Cup match.

KC old boys tell yet another story about their principal. With the form master away from the classroom two friends were horsing around when one said, "cho man, you is a rass!" One boy who was looking out the window saw the headmaster approaching and shouted, “Priest!” as everyone scrambled to their seats. To their astonishment the passing headmaster, a Bishop, looked in the window and said in a firm tone

Josephs! ‘You is? You is?’ No, you are!

An alumnus lends credence to this with the following anecdote. Priest, he said, was teaching a sixth form history class one day about an issue of public policy that could cause Sir Thomas More some difficulty. He cast his gaze momentarily across North Street towards the Roman Catholic Saint Georges College and, after a pregnant pause, and with a twinkle in his eye and tongue firmly in cheek, added,

… and what is more, he was a RC!

In 1947 Bishop Gibson was consecrated as Suffragan Bishop of Kingston, at which he declared himself married to the City and began signing himself “Percival Kingston.”

For the first time in British West Indian history, a descendant of Black slaves had become an Anglican bishop. Not that Priest was ready to give up his headmaster’s role. He remained both Suffragan Bishop and headmaster, much to the delight of the alumni and the students who could hardly imagine the school without him. Having previously declined an effort to elect him to the office, he became Bishop of Jamaica in 1955 amid much rejoicing, and now he declared he was married to Jamaica and signed himself “Percival Jamaica.”

The educator in him prompted a vigorous programme to renovate and expand existing Anglican primary schools and to create two high schools in the interior of the island as well as an Anglican Teachers’ Training College. He was determined to win the nation back to Christ and, like the Jesuits, he believed that education was one sure way.

Bishop Gibson put justice at the centre of his social thinking. He spoke out openly against injustice wherever he saw it and he came to be known as the conscience of the young nation. A little man, his voice was big and he never hesitated to use it fearlessly to condemn wrong and promote the morality he believed in. He retired in 1967.

When he died three years later Jamaicans felt his loss keenly, even his long-standing critics admitting that the country would always need a figure like him. He nurtured a strong resolve in an important part of Jamaican society to bring Christian principles to bear on the development dilemmas facing a small society struggling to throw off the culture of the plantocracy and the chains of colonialism in the mid-20th century. A genuine Jamaican treasure, he wore the unfilled shoes of a colossus.

link ray Joined: Feb 7, 2003
Posts: 17881
5/17/16 1:54:16 PM 
for ah minute, I thought it was diseased Jamaicans lol

link mikesiva Joined: Jan 12, 2007
Posts: 29222
5/18/16 4:30:58 AM 
In reply to Ewart

This one touches me personally...I grew up alongside Bishop Gibson's daughter-in-law and his grandson, Peter.
He was certainly a man of the people...his daughter-in-law came from very modest circumstances.

Another of my nominees - Tacky!

'In 1760, some fifteen hundred enslaved black men and women— perhaps fewer but probably many more— took advantage of Britain’s Seven Year’s War against France and Spain, to stage a massive uprising in Jamaica, which began on April 7 in the windward parish of St. Mary’s and continued in the leeward parishes until October of the next year. Over the course of eighteen months the rebels killed as many as sixty whites and destroyed many thousands of pounds worth of property. During the suppression of the revolt over five hundred black men and women were killed in battle, executed, or committed suicide. Another 500 were transported from the island for life. Colonists valued the total cost to the island at nearly a quarter of a million pounds. “Whether we consider the extent and secrecy of its plan, the multitude of the conspirators, and the difficulty of opposing its eruptions in such a variety of places at once,” wrote planter-historian Edward Long in his 1774 History of Jamaica, this revolt was “more formidable than any hitherto known in the West Indies.”'

More here

Up to then, that was the greatest slave revolt in the history of the British empire....

link JahJah Joined: Dec 6, 2003
Posts: 76331
5/18/16 5:24:22 AM 
In reply to mikesiva

Technically, isn't Tacky a Ghanaian or whatever? lol

link Ewart Joined: Mar 5, 2005
Posts: 8954
5/18/16 10:14:02 AM 
In reply to JahJah


Interesting technicality.

And when would you make a person a Jamaican?

1834? Abolition & Apprenticeship?

1838? Full Freedom?

1938? Islandwide uprisings?

1944? Full adult voting rights?

1957? Internal Self-Government?

1962? Independence?


link Priapus Joined: Dec 30, 2014
Posts: 2042
5/18/16 10:24:33 AM 
Vybez Kartel?
I heard somewhere that he revolutionized dancehall music? BTW i heard that a BIM politician has called for the banning of dancehall music over the airwaves. Claims that it contributes to the moral decay of society?

Oh bad. He is still alive....if only behind bars.

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